Origin, Mandate and Composition of UNCITRAL

Origin

The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) was established by the General Assembly in 1966 (Resolution 2205(XXI) of 17 December 1966). In establishing the Commission, the General Assembly recognized that disparities in national laws governing international trade created obstacles to the flow of trade, and it regarded the Commission as the vehicle by which the United Nations could play a more active role in reducing or removing these obstacles.

Archival documents predating the establishment of UNCITRAL

Mandate

The General Assembly gave the Commission the general mandate to further the progressive harmonization and unification of the law of international trade. The Commission has since come to be the core legal body of the United Nations system in the field of international trade law.

Composition

The Commission is composed of seventy Member States elected by the General Assembly. Membership is structured so as to be representative of the world's various geographic regions and its principal economic and legal systems. Members of the Commission are elected for terms of six years, the terms of half the members expiring every three years.

As from 27 June 2022, the members of UNCITRAL, and the years when their memberships expire, are:

Country
Year
Afghanistan
2028
Algeria
2025
Argentina
2028
Armenia
2028
Australia
2028
Austria
2028
Belarus
2028
Belgium
2025
Brazil
2028
Bulgaria
2028
Cameroon
2025
Canada
2025
Chile
2028
China
2025
Colombia
2028
Côte d'Ivoire
2025
Croatia
2025
Czechia
2028
Democratic Republic of Congo
2028
Dominican Republic
2025
Ecuador
2025
Finland
2025
France
2025
Germany
2025
Ghana
2025
Honduras
2025
Hungary
2025
India
2028
Indonesia
2025
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
2028
Iraq
2028
Israel
2028
Italy
2028
Japan
2025
Kenya
2028
Kuwait
2028
Malawi
2028
Malaysia
2025
Mali
2025
Mauritius
2028
Mexico
2025
Morocco
2028
Nigeria
2028
Panama
2028
Peru
2025
Poland
2028
Republic of Korea
2025
Russian Federation
2025
Saudi Arabia
2028
Singapore
2025
Somalia
2028
South Africa
2025
Spain
2028
Switzerland
2025
Thailand
2028
Türkiye
2028
Turkmenistan
2028
Uganda
2028
Ukraine
2025
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
2025
United States of America
2028
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
2028
Viet Nam
2025
Zimbabwe
2025