Origin, Mandate and Composition of UNCITRAL

Origin

The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) was established by the General Assembly in 1966 ( Resolution 2205(XXI) of 17 December 1966). In establishing the Commission, the General Assembly recognized that disparities in national laws governing international trade created obstacles to the flow of trade, and it regarded the Commission as the vehicle by which the United Nations could play a more active role in reducing or removing these obstacles.

Archival documents predating the establishment of UNCITRAL

Mandate

The General Assembly gave the Commission the general mandate to further the progressive harmonization and unification of the law of international trade. The Commission has since come to be the core legal body of the United Nations system in the field of international trade law.

Composition

The Commission is composed of sixty member States elected by the General Assembly. Membership is structured so as to be representative of the world's various geographic regions and its principal economic and legal systems. Members of the Commission are elected for terms of six years, the terms of half the members expiring every three years.

As from 8 July 2019, the members of UNCITRAL, and the years when their memberships expire, are:

Country
Year
Algeria
2025
Argentina
2022
Australia
2022
Austria
2022
Belarus
2022
Belgium
2025
Brazil
2022
Burundi
2022
Cameroon
2025
Canada
2025
Chile
2022
China
2025
Colombia
2022
Côte d'Ivoire
2025
Croatia
2025
Czechia
2022
Dominican Republic
2025
Ecuador
2025
Finland
2025
France
2025
Germany
2025
Ghana
2025
Honduras
2025
Hungary
2025
India
2022
Indonesia
2025
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
2022
Israel
2022
Italy
2022
Japan
2025
Kenya
2022
Lebanon
2022
Lesotho
2022
Libya
2022
Malaysia
2025
Mali
2025
Mauritius
2022
Mexico
2025
Nigeria
2022
Pakistan
2022
Peru
2025
Philippines
2022
Poland
2022
Republic of Korea
2025
Romania
2022
Russian Federation
2025
Singapore
2025
South Africa
2025
Spain
2022
Sri Lanka
2022
Switzerland
2025
Thailand
2022
Turkey
2022
Uganda
2022
Ukraine
2025
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
2025
United States of America
2022
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
2022
Viet Nam
2025
Zimbabwe
2025